The best bet, if the pain has not subsided after a few days of rest, is to visit your doctor for an accurate diagnosis and to determine the severity of the condition. Your doctor should complete an
examination of your foot, and will take a case history to help diagnose the condition. Since plantar fasciitis is not always directly diagnosable, a history is often one of the most reliable ways to
get an accurate diagnosis. Plantar fasciitis does not show up on an x-ray, and whilst accompanying heel spurs do, these can be difficult to spot even for a trained professional.
Heel pain is the major symptom of plantar fasciitis. Plantar fascia is a tissue which runs at the bottom of your heel and becomes painful and inflammatory causing plantar fasciitis. These tissues run
from the heels to the tip of the toes. Plantar fasciitis causes throbbing pain when you try to lift your leg during walking or running. Mainly it is a common problem faced by runners, obese people
and pregnant women. Also, those who wear shoes which do not support the feet properly, can suffer from plantar fasciitis. Let us discuss the exact treatment for this condition.
Surgery carries the risk of nerve injury, infection, rupture of the plantar fascia, and failure of the pain to improve. Surgical procedures, such as plantar fascia release, are a last resort, and
often lead to further complications such as a lowering of the arch and pain in the supero-lateral side of the foot due to compression of the cuboid bone. An ultrasound guided needle fasciotomy can be
used as a minimally invasive surgical intervention for plantar fasciitis. A needle is inserted into the plantar fascia and moved back and forwards to disrupt the fibrous tissue.
While structural foot abnormalities such as high arches or fallen arches can make one more susceptible to plantar fasciitis, wearing old worn-out shoes can also cause stress to the plantar fascia.
Wearing high-heeled shoes can also stretch the ligament beyond the tolerable limits and cause inflammation. Those suffering from plantar fasciitis are also at an increased risk of developing heel
spurs. Heel spurs, also known as osteophytes, are abnormal bony outgrowths that may develop along the edges of the heel bone. Heel spurs form when the plantar fascia starts pulling at the heel bone
or gets torn due to excessive stress.
Surgery carries the risk of nerve injury, infection, rupture of the plantar fascia, and failure of the pain to improve. 13 Surgical procedures, such as plantar fascia release, are a last resort, and
often lead to further complications such as a lowering of the arch and pain in the supero-lateral side of the foot due to compression of the cuboid bone 14 An ultrasound guided needle fasciotomy can
be used as a minimally invasive surgical intervention for plantar fasciitis. A needle is inserted into the plantar fascia and moved back and forwards to disrupt the fibrous tissue. 15
To make a custom splint, a therapist, podiatrist or physician molds a hard plastic splint to each patient's leg and foot. The splint covers the posterior part of the leg and the sole of the foot. It
is fastened around the leg and foot by Velcro straps. The splints can be made to control abnormal foot motion since they are fit closely to the leg with minimal or no padding. Because each splint is
unique, they can cost more than a commercial off-the-shelf splint. The splints are not designed for walking.
Heelpain is commonly felt on the bottom of the foot, where the plantarfascia attaches to the heel bone. Due to the fact that the fasciaconstricts when you sleep, you will typically feel the most pain
in themornings. When you get up, the sudden stretch and load of your bodyweight pulls on the attachment to the heel bone. Mild to severesymptoms of foot pain in athletes may occur. The pattern of
pain can bevery unpredictable over months at a time. Frequently, the paindisappears for several weeks, only to re-emerge full-blown after asingle workout or change in activity.
The heel locus for trouble is one reason why plantar fasciitis is often associated with 'heel spurs'. Those 'spurs' are simply wads of calcium deposited at the site where the fascia suffers most
damage. The heel agitations also explain why the clinical manifestation of plantar fasciitis is usually strong discomfort at the bottom of the heel bone. More specifically, the person suffering from
plantar fasciitis will often feel a pinpoint, knife-like pain at the 'medial tubercle' of the calcaneus (heel bone), which happens to be the exact location of the origin of the inside part of the
Other treatments. Some people reap the benefits of wearing a splint overnight to keep the Calf msucles as well as plantar ligament slightly extended. The purpose is actually to avoid the plantar
ligament from becoming stiff at night. (The splint does the same job as the workout routines). In very hard situations, at times a plaster cast will be worn on the lower-leg. This gives rest,
protection, cushioning and also slight stretching of the particular plantar fascia and also Posterior muscle group. Sportsmen could find ice massage therapy of the heel prior to and following
physical exercise helpful.
This kind of plantar fasciitis stretches is done in order to stretch the hind leg as well as the ankles. You need a flat surface and an elevated area such as the curb, a stair step or a low chair.
You might also need to hold or lean on to something so that you will not lose your balance. This is a very easy stretching exercise to do. Stand by the edge of the elevated item that you have chosen
and stand on your toes. Keep the toes on that edge and allow the heel to drop lower than the toes.